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Sports
Skateboarders always enjoy facing ________ and are never frightened of heights.

The weather was not too bad so we decided to do some ________ instead of playing ________ at home.

My little brother is not very tall so he decided to play ________ rather than ________.

Paul loves competitive sports and is training very hard to win the ________ next month.

We tried ________ in a round sphere last week. It is a great sport to try, it was so thrilling and exciting.

Central Park was really crowded last Sunday. It was full of people ________, sailing and ________ in the sun.
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Summative exercise
There are many gyms ________ you can practise all day long.

I find it very exciting to go ________ in the mountains because I can't ski.

Skateboarding champions, ________ skills are very difficult ________, have helped this sport become an Olympic sport.

The new programme, ________ I was telling you about yesterday, was broadcast on TV last night.

Climbers, ________ develop strength and endurance ________ climbing rocks, need to wear protective equipment.

Karate ________, who want to enter competitions either as individuals or as part ________ a team, may achieve the highest ________ colour ________ is black and is called ________ system.
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Word formation: word families
Skateboarding is an Olympic sport which involves ________ (RUN), ________ (JUMP) and ________ (TURN).

After winning his first gold medal at the Olympic Games the ________ (RUN) held up his medal and was very proud of his ________ (ACHIEVE).

The batting team can score ________ (RUN) by hitting the ball as hard as it can and ________ (RUN) between bases before the ________ (FIELD) team gets the ball back.

Karate is a martial art in which ________ (COMPETE) may enter competitions either as individuals or as part of a team.

I love sports, I prefer ________ (PRACTISE) sports rather than ________ (OBSERVE) them.
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Gerunds and infinitives
They insisted on ________ before the race in order ________ the competition.

The coach recommended ________ their muscles before the swimming competition.

The baseball players don't mind ________ professional opponents during the winter season championship.

The whole audience at the Yankee Stadium appreciated ________ the baseball match last Saturday night.

The sportsman refused ________ up the outdoor climbing walls in the sports centre because he didn't have the right equipment with him.

Sport climbing develops endurance as well as gymnastic ability if you keep ________ hard.
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Relative clauses
Skateboarders, ________ are very creative athletes, often do very dangerous street performances.

Those people ________ think that dancing does not require much physical strength are wrong as you really need strong muscles and flexibility.

This is the gym ________ we workout and train every morning.

Shoulder pads are the only things ________ protect your shoulders during the American football game.

That man over there is the coach ________ team won the gold medal.

I will always remember the day on ________ I started playing rugby.
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Reading comprehension
Growing in scholastic performance

Pupils who do sport or physical activity during school hours do not see their learning or exam results suffer, experts say.
"Time taken away from academic lessons in favour of physical activity has been shown not to come at the expense of scholastic performance in children and youth," they say.
They have combined to agree a joint statement on the multiple benefits of exercise for children and young people, which was published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
"A single session of moderate physical activity has an acute benefit to brain function, cognition and scholastic performance in children and youth," they say in their 21-point agreed statement.
"Physical activity before, during and after school promotes scholastic performance in children and youth. Mastery of fundamental movement skills is beneficial to cognition and scholastic performance in children and youth," they add.
Children's involvement in any form of structured or unstructured physical activity in or outside school time can also help prevent chronic diseases in adulthood such as diabetes or coronary artery disease and be a key part of the treatment of certain childhood conditions.

Freely adapted from: http://www.theguardian.com
A: Scholastic performance may be altered positively by physical activity.
B: An agreement has been made to improve cognition and brain function in students.
C: If students take up physical activity before and after school lessons they will learn faster.
D: Some chronic diseases in adulthood can be avoided if you do sports in your youth.
E: Children's health is determined by physical activity outside school time.
F: Youth and children's cognition may benefit from sports.
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Use of English
What does your chosen sport say about you?

Rank the following in order of preference:

a. 100 m sprint
b. high jump
c. basketball
d. football
e. tennis
f. rugby

If you mainly ranked the individual sports (100 m sprint, high jump, tennis) above the team sports (football, basketball, rugby), ________ is indicative of a personality trait known as openness to experience. These people are adventurous and like trying new things. If you mainly ranked the ________ sports above the individual sports then you are, on average, likely to be less ________ to experience and less ________.

These were the ________ of a new study at the University of Milan, ________ also reported that sportspeople generally  score higher on the trait of agreeableness. It also found that more successful sportspeople scored higher on conscientiousness (as the footballer ________ always stays behind after training) and emotional stability.

Adapted from: http://www.theguardian.com
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Use of English
Ice climbing requires intense concentration so he is exercising the brain at the same time as keeping himself fit physically. (SPAN)
Ice climbing requires intense ________ so he is training both his brain and body to be fit.

If you train hard, I am sure you will win the race. (MUST)
You ________ hard if you want to win the race.

I can't forget that I was very nervous on my first school day. (REMEMBER)
I still ________ very nervous on my first school day.

My sister was very embarrassed when her phone rang during the test. (OFF)
She was embarrassed because she forgot ________ her phone during the test.

Can you buy some fruit on your way home this evening? (COMING)
Before ________ this evening could you buy me some fruit?
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Listening comprehension
If I want to do something ________ I go ice climbing. I find this requires intense ________ so I am exercising the brain at the same time as keeping myself fit ________. The challenging nature of ________ a wall of ice or a frozen ________ requires thought and precision from the climbers, as well as a high level of concentration. Obviously, it is not suitable for those who don't have ________ experience. When I first started, I used to go with an instructor, as first-hand advice is essential in the early stages. Once you've learned the technique you can ________ the challenge on your own and the adrenaline rush is unforgettable, as is the relief of getting back safely.
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Summative exercise
The most extraordinary experience of my life ________ I will never forget is when I tried bungee ________ next to Tower Bridge in the centre of London. The place, ________ is called the London Rat Race , is 160ft up – ________'s 50 metres high. I had never ________ bungee jumping before and I have to admit I was really scared – but the staff ________ took me ________ and showed me what to do, were very reassuring. They put me in a special suit with cords attached and carried out lots of ________ checks ________ I began the ride up to the top. From there you get ________ views over the city.
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