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Lingua inglese

Lesson 10: Backshifting (1)
1. "I do not usually wear perfume."
   She said se ________ usually wear perfume.

2. "We have never tried to bungee jumping."
   She said they ________ bungee jumping.

3. "I will send you an email tomorrow."
   She said she ________ call you tomorrow.

4. "He used the money to buy a new motorbike."
   He said he ________ the money to buy a new motorbike.

5. "I can see you next Sunday."
   She said she ________ see us the next Sunday.
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 10: Backshifting (2)
1. "Mark will text you tomorrow."
   He said Mark ________ text you tomorrow.

2. "It's going to be really busy this Easter."
   Sarah said it ________ to be really busy this Easter.

3. "We must go immediately."
   They said they ________ go home immediately.

4. "I want a slice of pizza capricciosa."
   He said he ________ a slice of pizza capriccosa.

5. "We enjoyed ourselves a lot."
   They said they ________ themselves a lot.
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 10: Sentence transformation: from direct to reported speech (1)
1. "Adolf goes jogging every morning."
   He said Adolf ________ (to jog) every morning.

2. "Class! You are making too much noise!"
   The teacher said the class ________ (to make) too much noise.

3. "Oh, I have lost weight recently!"
   Susan said she ________ (to loose) weight recently.

4. "Liz will drive me to the shopping centre tomorrow morning."
   John said Liz ________ (to drive) him to the shopping centre the following day.

5. "We were watching television when the storm started."
   Rose said they ________ (to watch) television when the storm started.
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 10: Sentence transformation: from direct to reported speech (2)
1. "When we arrived at the airport, the airplane had already left."
   She said when they ________ (to arrive) at the airport the airplane had already left.

2. "I can't find my umbrella… I do not remember where I left it!"
   Mr. De Luca said he ________ (to find) the umbrella and ________ (to remember) where he ________ (to leave) it.

3. "I'm going to buy a new dishwasher as the old one has broken down."
   Mum said she ________ (to buy) a new dishwasher as the old one ________ (to break down).
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Lingua inglese

Lesson : Reported questions (1)
1. Jonas asked me ________ I had ________ (to take) many photographs.

2. Fiona asked me ________ John ever ________ (to go) to the cinema.

3. The Head Teacher wanted to know ________ we ________ finished (to finish) writing our essays.

4. The journalist asked the pianist ________ she ________ (to have) any brothers or sisters.

5. Mum asked us ________ we ________ (to want) pizza or pasta.
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 10: Reported questions (2)
1. Maria asked her boyfriend ________ he ________ (to be) still studying German.

2. He asked me ________ I ________ met (to meet) my wife.

3. Isabella asked Alberta ________ she might ________ (to look after) her dog the following day.

4. He asked me ________ I ________ (to be) studying.

5. I ________ (to tell) him ________ stop immediately.
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 10: Introductory verbs (1)
1. "Will you come to the ball with me?" - he said to her.
   He ________ her to go to the ball with him.

2. "I'm the best student in the Medical School!" - she said.
   He ________ about being the best student.

3. Yes, I'll lend you some money!" - he said to Jane.
   He ________ to lend Jane some money.

4. "What a beautiful dress she is wearing!" - he said.
   He ________ that she was wearing a beautiful dress.

5. "He never buys me flowers!" – she said.
   She ________ that he never bought her flowers.
PosizionamentoPosizionamento
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 10: Introductory verbs (2)
1. "I promise I'll write to you!" - she said to him.
   She ________ (to promise) ________ (to write) to him.

2. "Don't forget to hang out the washing!" - she said to me.
   She ________ (to remind) me to ________ (to hang out) the washing.

3. You stole the money!" - Tom said to Jim.
   Tom ________ (to accuse) Jim ________ (to steal) the money.

4. "Let's go for a picnic!" - he said.
   He ________ (to insist) on ________ (to go out) for a picnic.

5. "Don't touch the wet paint!" -  mum said to us.
   Mum ________ (to warn) us ________ (not to touch) the wet paint.
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 10: Review of the direct and reported speech.
My life with spiders

Gordon King, from Liverpool, is trying to break the world record for staying in a room full of dangerous tarantulas. When I interviewed him, he didn't look worried at all. He said the spiders         (1) ________ (not to be) as horrible as people normally think. He explained that it's an irrational fear possibly due to the way they (2) ________ (to move). When I asked him if spiders can (3) ________ (to be dangerous), he answered that most of them (4) ________ (not to be dangerous) at all! He said he (5) ________ (not have to take) any precautions except checking that there (6) ________ (to be) no tarantulas in his bed. He also added that everybody should (7) ________ (to try) this experience because we must (8) ________ (to struggle) against our fears. Mr. King (9) ________ (to live) with 10 tarantulas for 37 days now, and he also says he (10) ________ (to get) a lot of support and interest from the public. Lucky him!
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Lesson 10: Grammar review: direct and reported speech
Decide whether the following statements are true (V) or false (F).
A: 1. You use reported speech when we are saying what other people say, think or believe, usually with a reporting verb.
B: 2. When you are reporting things in the present, future or present perfect we don't change the tense.
C: 3. When you tell people what someone has said in the past, you just need to keep the tense in the past.
D: 4. When you are reporting something that was said in the past but that is still true you are obliged to make the tense "more in the past".
E: 5. When you are reporting what was said, you sometimes have to change other words in the sentence.
F: 6. You have to change the pronoun if we are reporting what someone else said.
G: 7. You have to change words referring to "here and now" or "here and there" if you are reporting what was said in a different place or time.
H: 8. If the reporting verb is in the past tense, you are not obliged to change the tenses in the reported speech.
I: 9. When you are reporting what someone asks you to do, in a polite way, simply use "ask me + to + infinitive".
J: 10. When you are reporting what someone tells you very directly to do, use "ask" instead of "tell".
Vero o falsoVero o falso
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