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Lingua inglese

Lesson 1: Past continuous
A quiet morning
by Frieda Scarey



It was a normal, quiet morning. Mr. and Mrs. Foster (1) ________ (to have) breakfast. Mrs. Foster (2) ________ (to read) the newspaper, and Mr. Foster (3) ________ (to listen) to the news on the radio. The newsreader (4) ________ (to talk) about a series of strange murders. Richard Foster (5) ________ (to sit) upstairs in his bedroom. His sister Wendy (6) ________ (to jog) in the park, enjoying the morning sun. The cat (7) ________ (to sleep) quietly at Mr. Foster's feet. Outside the garden was quiet. A few birds (8) ________ (to sing). The neighbours' dog (9) ________ (to dig) a hole in the garden. Some cars (10) ________ (to move) along the street. Suddenly, someone screamed…
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 1: Duration form: present perfect simple with for and since
Fill in the gaps with the correct present perfect simple form of each of the verbs in brackets adding for and since.
A: 1. I've known him ___ years.
B: 2. Mark's lived in Florence ___ 2002.
C: 3. Joe's worked as a teacher ___ more than fifteen years now.
D: 4. Mark's loved music ___ he was a young boy.
E: 5. Tim and Sarah've not played tennis ___ months after the car accident.
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 1: Past simple vs. present perfect simple
1. I am mad with George! He ________ (to fail) the Biology exam again and, what's more, he also ________ (to fail) the Chemistry one last week.

2. John ________ (not to feel) well last week, but now his cold ________ (to improve).

3. A: "________ (you / ever / to visit) London ?"
   B: "Yes, I have! I ________ (to go) there in 2006."

4. My mother ________ (to do) a lot of sports in her life: she also played (to play) golf in her school team!

5. A: "I ________ (to grow) a moustache. Do you like it ?"
   B: "Well, I ________ (to prefer) you without it."
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 1: Present perfect continuous
1. The streets are slippery. It ________ (to snow).

2. She ________ (to clean) the house since this morning.

3. Waiter! We ________ (to wait) for more than two hours!

4. How long ________ (to practise / you) your speech?

5. They ________ (to play) tennis since the early afternoon!
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Lesson 1: Past simple, present perfect simple, present perfect continuous
When Meredith Warren (1) ________ (to finish) her studies, she decided to become an actress. She (2) ________ (to think) that acting made her really happy, so she (3) ________ (to start) taking drama lessons and (4) ________ (to apply) to all the London West End Theatres. In 1995 she (5) ________ (to get) a minor role in Romeo and Juliet, one of the best known William Shakespeare's tragedies, and (6) ________ (to distinguish) herself as an excellent actress. Meredith (7)  ________ (to act) for more than ten years, and so far she (8) ________ (to receive) quite a few awards. For the last two months she (9) ________ (to play) the role of Lady Macbeth in Macbeth, another famous Shakespearean tragedy, at The Globe. Her dream has come true: she (10) ________ (to become) a big theatre star now !
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 1: Past perfect simple
1. When I got my first job, I ________ (to be married) for just three months.

2. Mark ________ (to live) in the flat for two years when the owner asked him to leave.

3. The teacher was furious with his students as they ________ (to do) the exercises.

4. After they ________ (to tell) him what they thought, he left.

5. Bobby was really upset because he ________ (to lose) his new smartphone.
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Lesson 1: Past perfect simple vs. past perfect continuous
1. He explained he had a terrible headache as he ________ (to type) all afternoon. He ________ (to type) more than twelve letters on her laptop!

2. My nephew started crying as he ________ (to eat) enough.

3. Francis ________ (to learn / already) the alphabet by heart before he started school.

4. Margaret said she ________ (to sell / already) her cottage. What a pity!

5. By the time we arrived, dad ________ (to start / just) to make lunch.
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Lesson 1: Review of the main past tenses and of the present perfect
Miriam, an English teenager, first ________ a foreign country when she was seventeen. When she was thirteen she had visited London, with her father, and she ________ to some other cities with her family on holiday. Her first visit to another country ________ to Germany, to a small town, twinned with her home town. One day, while she was packing her case, she tried to remember the most important words in German, she ________ at school. "Miriam" – called her mother – "________ you finished yet?". "Yes" – she answered – "I am just closing my suitcase".
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 1:Grammar review: the past form
Decide whether the following statements are true (V) or false (F).
A: 1. The past tense in English is a verb tense expressing an activity, an action, a state or being in the past.
B: 2. The simple past group includes past simple, past continuous, used to, past perfect and past perfect continuous.
C: 3. By using the simple past you will express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past.
D: 4. The simple past can't be used with a duration that starts and stops in the past.
E: 5. The past continuous is very often used with the past simple to say that something happened in before something else.
F: 6. In English, we often use a series of parallel actions to describe the atmosphere at a particular time in the past.
G: 7. If you want to put emphasis on the progress, you should use the past simple.
H: 8. The expression "get used + verb –ing" shows that something is in the process of becoming normal.
I: 9. The past perfect tense is used to make it clear that one event happened before another in the past.
J: 10. Present perfect continuous is used to talk about an event that started in the past and is still happening now.
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 1: Present perfect simple vs. Present perfect continuous
1. She have been living her French relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.

2. She has been worked at that company for more than three years.

3. What have you been done for the last 30 minutes?

4. James has taught at the university since June.

5. We have waited here for over two hours!
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