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Lingua inglese

Thomas Hardy: life
Complete the text with the correct information.

Thomas Hardy was born into a ________ family in a village near Dorchester in 1840. When he was a boy, he played the ________ and read voraciously. He dropped out of school at 16 to work as an apprentice for a local ________ and church restorer. Then he studied architecture in ________, where he began to write poetry and, later, novels. His last tragic novel, Jude the Obscure, was accused by Victorians of being pessimistic and immoral. A bishop even publicly ________ a copy of the book. Afterwards, Hardy decided to abandon novels and turn to ________. He died in 1928.
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Jude the Obscure: characters and themes
Read the following sentences and say whether they are true or false.
A: Hardy believes in the sanctity of marriage vows.
B: One of the central themes of the novel is that of higher education for the middle class.
C: Sue represents the new figure of a woman who struggles for independence, but in the end frustrates Jude.
D: Hardy gives the orphan Jude the possibility to fulfil his hopes.
E: The tragedy of Jude is caused by his frustration and loneliness.
F: Jude succeeds in his attempt to improve himself in spite of a long-lasting class prejudice.
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Thomas Hardy: works
Match the year of publication of Hardy's works with their titles.

The Return of the Native: ________
Under the Greenwood Tree: ________
Jude the Obscure: ________
Far from the Madding Crowd: ________
Wessex Poems: ________
Tess of the D'Urbervilles: ________
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Thomas Hardy: themes
Choose the correct alternative to complete the sentences.

1. Hardy's novels express a ________ view, which excludes divinity.
2. Even though his family was Christian, Hardy abandoned his faith in God after reading ________ tragedies and Darwin's On the Origin of Species.
3. Hardy saw human life as a tragic process, but felt ________ for altruism through cooperation and scientific knowledge.
4. Hardy's main theme is the ________ of being alive in the hard circumstances of life.
5. In Hardy's world nature is ________ to man's destiny.
6. Hardy's novels ________ the most hypocritical aspects of Victorian society.
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Thomas Hardy: language and style
Tick the words or phrases related to Hardy's language and style.
A: Asymmetry.
B: Rhetoric.
C: Symbolism.
D: Dialect.
E: Sight.
F: Colour.
G: 1st person narrator.
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Tess of the D'Urbervilles: plot
Read the text below and find the seven mistakes in it.

Tess's father, John Durbeyfield, discovers that he comes from the working-class family of the D'Urbervilles. However, since her family is very poor, Tess goes to Talbothays to work as a poultry maid on the D'Urbervilles estate. There Tess's master, Alec, takes advantage of her in the mountains. After returning to her village, Tess gives birth to a baby who dies soon after. Tess goes to work as a milkmaid at Trantridge Dairy, where she meets Angel Clare. She wants to tell Angel about her past, but for some reasons he does not see the note she writes. Then they get married, but when Tess confesses her previous tribulations, Angel leaves her and goes to India. Tess becomes Alec's mistress. Afterwards, Angel returns to England and forgives Tess, who, in desperation, kills Angel and flees with Alec, but is eventually arrested and executed.
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Tess of the D'Urbervilles: Tess
Choose the correct alternatives to complete the sentence.

Tess
A: is intelligent and beautiful.
B: is presented through Gothic images.
C: is presented as a victim.
D: has the energy to endure.
E: is weak, so eventually she surrenders to her misfortunes.
F: is described as an irredeemable sinner.
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Tess of the D'Urbervilles: Alec and Angel
The following features refer either to Alec or to Angel. Choose the correct alternative.
A: He is a rich young man.
B: He has liberal and modern ideas.
C: He follows the theories of John Stuart Mill.
D: He sees Tess in idealised terms.
E: He bears a title that his father bought.
F: He seizes what he wants without any moral concern.
G: He reveals himself to be strict and dogmatic.
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Tess of the D'Urbervilles: themes
Read the following sentences and say whether they are true or false.
A: In his novel Hardy espouses Victorian morality.
B: Hardy believed in the relativity of moral values.
C: Hardy analysed the overlap between man-made laws and nature.
D: Hardy suggested that Tess's sense of guilt was not necessary, since people in her village did not morally judge her.
E: Hardy constantly questioned religious belief, because he thought that modern man is in a spiritually hopeless state.
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Jude the Obscure: plot
Put the following sentences related to the plot of Jude the Obscur in the correct order: write numbers from 1 to 7.

________ Jude and Sue fall in love and decide to live together but not to marry.
________ Jude loses his job.
________ Jude and Sue's children die.
________ Jude marries Arabella Donn.
________ Jude meets his cousin Sue Bridehead in Christminster.
________ Sue marries Richard Phillotson.
________ Sue goes back to Phillotson and Jude reconciles with Arabella.
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