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Lingua inglese

The Victorian and the modern novel
Complete the sentences with the correct information.

1. The Victorian novel was deeply connected to ________ and its main theme was the gain or loss of social status.
2. The Victorian novelist was a mediator between the characters and the reader, relating the events in an ________ way.
3. The Victorian novel had a ________ structure.
4. The modern novelist was in a position of moral and psychological ________.
5. The modern novelist was a mediator between the ________ of the past and the confused present.
6. The modern novel's realism was influenced by French and Russian writers like Marcel ________ and Dostoevsky.
7. Its focus shifted from society to the ________.
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Lingua inglese

The direct interior monologue
Read the following sentences and say whether they are true or false.
A: It was brought to perfection by Virginia Woolf in Mrs Dalloway.
B: In the direct interior monologue the narrator is dominant and the character's inner self is given directly.
C: Joyce used two kinds of direct interior monologue.
D: The direct interior monologue with two levels of narration mixes third-person narration, linked to an 'inner time', with an interior narration, depending on external time.
E: 'Inner time' is the time within the character's mind.
F: The extreme interior monologue was employed by George Orwell in Finnegans Wake.
G: In the extreme interior monologue the language includes foreign words, new expressions created through free associations, and references ranging over all areas of the human experience.
Vero o falsoVero o falso
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Lingua inglese

New narrative techniques
Read the text below and find the five mistakes in it.

The modern novelist adopted the omniscient narrator, who could not represent the new reality of social, political and technological change. Novelists experimented with new methods to describe the social consciousness. The subject matter was no longer the internal world, but the world inside a character's mind. Moreover, the old theory of the unconscious deriving from Freud's influence assumed the simultaneous existence of different levels of consciousness and subconsciousness. So the analysis of a character's consciousness was based on the idea that the personality of human beings results from the coexistence of the future in the present.
Trova erroreTrova errore
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Lingua inglese

A different use of time
Read the following sentences and say whether they are true or false.
A: In the modern novel, time was subjective and internal.  
B: Modern novelists drew a neat distinction between past and present.
C: The passing of time did not necessarily help understand the truth about characters.
D: The story might be concentrated in a single day.  
E: Woolf called an 'epiphany' the mere observation of characters performing a common action.
Vero o falsoVero o falso
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Lingua inglese

The stream-of-consciousness technique
Tick the words or phrases related to the stream of consciousness.
A: William James.
B: Henry James.
C: Objective description.
D: Flow of thoughts.
E: Inner process.
F: Dramatic monologue.
G: Interior monologue.
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Lingua inglese

Three groups of novelists
The following features refer to the three groups of modern novelists. Choose the correct alternative.
A: The most important novelists of this group are Joseph Conrad, D.H. Lawrence and E.M. Forster.
B: Two important figures of this group were George Orwell and Aldous Huxley.
C: Their main themes were the development of the character's mind and human relationships.
D: The two main representatives of this group were James Joyce and Virginia Woolf.
E: They focused on the society around them and had Marxist sympathies.
F: They used new subjective narrative techniques to give voice to the characters' thoughts.
Domande in serieDomande in serie
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Lingua inglese

Subjective consciousness
Complete the text with the correct information.

1. Introspection was already present in the novels of Defoe and ________.
2. Victorian characters were social beings with a moral and emotional inner ________.
3. In the early ________ century subjective consciousness acquired more and more importance.
4. Traditional techniques were regarded as no longer adequate to reproduce the complexity of the human ________.
5. Modern novelists employed the ________ monologue to represent the unspoken activity of the mind.
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Lingua inglese

The interior monologue
Choose the correct alternatives to complete the sentence.

The interior monologue
A: follows a chronological order.
B: excludes the presence of the narrator.
C: is located within the character's mind.
D: is introduced by fixed expressions.
E: often lacks a formal logical order.
F: is the verbal expression of the stream of consciousness.
G: cannot be compared to the psychoanalyst's couch.
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Lingua inglese

Types of interior monologue
Complete the sentences with the words below.

1. In the ________ interior monologue the narrator never lets the character's thoughts flow without control.
2. In the indirect interior monologue logical and grammatical ________ is maintained.
3. The ________ interior monologue includes two levels of ________ – one external to the character's mind, and the other internal.
4. In the direct interior monologue with the mind level of narration the character's ________ flow freely, not interrupted by external events.
5. The extreme interior monologue mixes words and free ________ to create new expressions.
PosizionamentoPosizionamento
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Lingua inglese

The indirect interior monologue
Choose the correct alternative to complete the sentences.

1. The indirect interior monologue presents the character's ________ both directly and by adding descriptions and comments.
2. It includes introductory phrases to guide the ________ through the narration.
3. It is based on a character whose consciousness moves freely in ________.
4. It occurs in the character's mind, where everything happens in the ________.
5. It is linked to the concept of '________ time'.
6. It shows the ________ of a subjective experience.
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