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Lingua inglese

Restoration poetry
Choose the correct alternative to complete the sentences.

1. From the literary point of view, ________ characterised the period of the Restoration.
2. ________ simplicity, order and clarity were the main features of verse.
3. The main object of interest was the ________ world with its ethics and ideals.
4. ________ was the true spirit of Restoration poetry, as a result of the study and translation of classic writers like ________, Martial and Juvenal.
5. ________ was the main poet, who established the tone and rules for the poetry of the age.
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Lingua inglese

The novel in the Augustan age: characters, setting and types
Tick the words or phrases related to the rise of the novel.
A: Inconsequential events
B: Vague places
C: Utopian novel
D: Science-fiction novel
E: Psychologic novel
F: Life experience
G: Common names
H: Realism
I: Specific time reference
J: Struggle for social success
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Lingua inglese

Restoration prose
Complete the sentences with the correct information.

1. The rational tendencies of the Restoration were clear in the works of ________ such as John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, and in the ________ studies of Isaac Newton.
2. Locke insisted that the main source through which man could know the ________ outside was individual ________ achieved through the senses.
3. Hobbes defended absolute ________ because, in his opinion, individual selfishness had to be controlled by public force.
4. Isaac Newton made his laws of ________ and universal gravitation known in his work, and this new scientific attitude encouraged human progress and attempted to overcome fear and ________.
5. English was accorded greater importance by choosing to record the ________ in this language rather than in Latin.
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Lingua inglese

Restoration theatres
Read the text below and find the seven mistakes in it.

The Puritans had closed down the theatres, but, with the restoration of the republic, theatres were made legal again in 1660. A lot of changes were introduced: theatres were roofed, they had bulbs and footlights; there was a drop curtain and a painted movable scene. The audience sat in the light in galleries, on benches or on boxes in the pit, which was now a very humble place. Actors were now tied to the theatre by contract and actresses played male roles. The audience belonged to the upper classes which used to go to the theatre to see the plays and also to meet fashionable playwrights.
Trova erroreTrova errore
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Lingua inglese

The comedy of manners
Complete the sentences with the words below.

1. The 'comedy of manners' was a kind of comedy which made fun of the manners and ________ of an artificial and sophisticated society.
2. Characters were more types than individuals: the 'fop' was a new type of ________ character opposed to the 'gallant', or 'fortunate lover'.
3. The heroine was ________ and more interested in ________ than in morals.
4. Atmosphere, dialogue and ________ were more important than the ________, which was often based on intriguing situations.
5. Realism on the stage was created by the use of ________ and by the choice of such themes as ________, most of all linked to sex and money.
PosizionamentoPosizionamento
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Lingua inglese

Augustan literature: the reading public
Read the following sentences and say whether they are true or false.
A: The economic and intellectual progress of the Augustan Age was reflected in literature, which was characterised by a growing interest in reading.
B: The level of literacy was low and books were cheap.
C: For the poorer classes there were other forms of printed materials like ballads, chapbooks, pamphlets and newspapers, whereas short stories and novels were published in serial form.
D: There were also circulating libraries which favoured an increase in the reading public.
E: Middle- and upper-class women read very little.
Vero o falsoVero o falso
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Lingua inglese

Augustan prose
Choose the correct alternatives to complete the sentence.

Prose
A: developed a lot in this period because of the growing importance of the upper classes, both in the political and social fields.
B: expressed the strong belief in the power of faith and in the individual's abilities.
C: was mainly based on parody and satire in Swift's and Fielding's works.
D: still showed the influence of Puritan morality in Defoe's and Richardson's works.
E: explored the compromise between religious and secular issues in the periodicals.
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Lingua inglese

Augustan poetry
Complete the sentences with the words below.

1. The poet's task in this period was to provide ________ behavioural models.
2. ________ feelings were not expressed and dissent was written with ________.
3. The most favourite techniques were ________ and mock-heroic verse.
4. Mock-heroic poems had a ________ effect: they were written in the ________ style of an epic and had a trivial subject.
5. The Latin poet Horace and his Ars Poetica were important ________ for Augustan poets.
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Lingua inglese

Augustan drama
Read the text below and find the six mistakes in it.

The upper classes started attending the theatre and Edinburgh audiences began to enjoy pantomime, a kind of ballad concert, which was a mixture of political satire, picaresque adventures and love interests. John Gay wrote The Beggar's Opera in 1728, featuring vulgar and vagabond characters who live in a natural world. Plays were essentially sentimental tragedies, where everyday problems were treated with a difficult language and virtue wins over vice.
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Lingua inglese

The novel in the Augustan age: its message and the writer's aim
Choose the correct alternatives to complete the sentence.

The novel
A: was mainly concerned with social status and directed to a bourgeois public.
B: had the main aim to be understood by less well-educated readers, too.
C: had to satisfy the standards of patrons and the literary elite.
D: had a message related to the Puritan ethics of the middle classes, that is the sense of reward and punishment.
E: has its father in Joseph Addison.
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