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Lingua inglese

Lesson 4: Grammar review: modals and semi-modals
Decide whether the following statements are true (V) or false (F).
A: 1. Some modal verbs take an –s in the third person singular.
B: 2. In most cases, modal verbs function like auxiliaries for questions and negatives.
C: 3. Modal verbs are always followed by a perfect infinitive when talking about present.
D: 4. May and might + as well are used in everyday conversation to suggest something when you can't think of anything better to do.
E: 5. Imperatives are the only way to be used to express commands.
F: 6. Will and would + infinitive are used to make invitations.
G: 7. Shall refers to an offer of assistance, polite suggestions, future actions, volunteering, promising, inevitability, making offers, asking for advice.
H: 8. Must and have to both express obligation and are used in the same way.
I: 9. Mustn't means that you do not need to do something, but it's fine if you want to do it.
J: 10. Shall, should, could and might are used to express suggestions and ability, as far as lack of ability.
Vero o falsoVero o falso
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 4: Expressing ability, possibility and permission with can, could, may, be able to and be allowed to
Hi Francesca!

Just a few lines to tell you that I've finally moved house. My new address is 72 Nowhere Street, Nocity, Nostate.

Of course, when I was in Dublin, I ________ do anything I wanted: I could go to the cinema, or to the theatre, meet friends up, eat out, follow an evening course, do any sport… Here in Nocity I ________ really do those things so easily. Even though, I hope that when I get my new car next week I'll ________ travel to nearby towns and take advantage of the things on offer. I enjoy ________ take a walk in the woods when I want and getting home from work in only 8 minutes. Last but not least, I love ________ spend more time relaxing.

Hope to hear from you soon, take care!
Allegra
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Lingua inglese

Lesson 4: Requesting, expressing ability, possibility and permission with will, shall, would, can and could
A: "________ you sign on the dotted line, madam?"
B: "I'm sorry, but I haven't got a pen… ________ I borrow yours?"
A: "Of course. ________ you also fill in this form, please?"
B: "Alright. Oh, I don't think I understand any of this…"
A: "________ you like me to help you?"
B: "Oh, that's very kind of you!"

In this dialogue, a ________ register is used.
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Lesson 4: Expressing obligation, prohibition, permission and necessity with must, have (got) to, would, can't and be allowed to
1. You ________ tell her the truth, otherwise she would be hurt!

2. All the people who work here ________ clock in at 7:30 a.m.

3. She  ________worry about her future: her family is wealthy.

4. We ________ rush to the airport: it's only 15 minutes away from here.

5. The children ________ play with my computer: is that clear or not?
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Expressing obligation, prohibition, permission and necessity with must, have (got) to, would, can't and be allowed to
Cinzia: This is your bedroom, James. I hope you like it…
James: It looks great!
Cinzia: There is a computer, a telephone, a stereo, a television…
James: ________ I use the computer to send emails?
Cinzia: Of course you can! In addition to this, you ________ surf on the internet whenever you like! We have 24 hour free connection. Of course you ________ illegally download films or music, you know, it is strictly forbidden!
James: Oh, I see… ________ to play music?
Cinzia: Yes, you ________, but not too loud…
James: Oh no, I won't… Don't worry! You see, in the other family I was living with, I ________ to put on my headphones if I wanted to listen to music.
Cinzia: You ________ use headphones here, do not worry.
James: Thanks, dear Cinzia.
Cinzia: Oh, you are welcome. One more thing: you ________ smoke in here. And, of course, no alcohol! And, you ________ have friends either.
James: Mmmmmh…

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Lesson 4: Should, shouldn't, ought to, had better, need, needn't have, didn't need to
1. You don't look well… You ought ________ take some vitamins!

2. ________ we make another appointment for next week?

3. You had better ________ show your mother those dirty clothes: she'll be very angry, I suppose!

4. The flight only leaves at 11 a.m. We ________ be at the airport so early.

5. My country house badly ________ renovating.

6. We ________ to have a specific vaccination to travel to Greece.
PosizionamentoPosizionamento
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Lesson 4: Logical deduction with must, mustn't, can, can't, will and won't
Joy: Daddy, can you help me with my jigsaw puzzle?
Dad: Are you stuck?
Joy: Yes… It's a picture of a clown's face, but I can't finish it… Look: I don't know where this piece goes…
Dad: That ________ be part of nose, as it's red!
Joy: Oh yes, I see. And this other red piece ________ be part of the nose too. And this yellow one?
Dad: No, it can't be part of the nose if it is yellow. Look: the clown has yellow hair.
Joy: Oh yes, it ________ go here in the hair… But this blue one  ________be part of the hair.
Dad: Look for the blue in the picture: it will go where there's blue.
Joy: He's got a blue hat. It ________ go in the hat. It can't go anywhere else.
Dad: Now, the last piece…
Joy: That's easy!! It must be the clown's eye!
Dad: Well done, dear Joy! You've finished.
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Lesson 4: Supposing with may/might, could and should
At the Modern Art Gallery…

Katy: What is this painting about?
Francesca: Well, it might be a scene at the seaside. There's a lot of blue… Are those waves?
Katy: That's right, Francesca! You see, after all, it isn't that difficult! And that one?
Francesca: Mmmmh… I can see a lot of yellow, and red, and orange! It seems very hot… It ________ (to be) a desert scene, or it ________ (to be) the sun.
Katy: Absolutely right, Francesca! In fact, it's called Desert Sun.
Francesca: Wow! And that one over there? With all the green and blue, and all the spots and dots, I think it ________ (to be) a field or wood in the early morning. The colours ________ (to be) what we see in the countryside on summer mornings.
Katy: You're a genius, Paul! It is called Burnley Wood at Dawn. Come on, let's go for a cup of tea now. Then we ________ (to come) back and look at other paintings.
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Lesson 4: Deductions referred to the past and to ongoing actions
1. Brigitte has won the game brilliantly. She ________ (to practise) a lot.

2. It was a bad fall: he  ________(to stand) on the broken chair.

3. Marco didn't do very well in the exam. He ________ (to study) much.

4. It was a silly thing to do. You ________ (to set) fire to the house.

5. You ________ (to speak) to your boss before handing in your resignation.
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Lesson 4: Bound to, supposed to
Bound to or supposed to? Choose the correct option.
A: 1. They're so different that they are _____________ to disagree on certain issues.
B: 2. You are _____________ to see Paula if you go there tonight… You can bet on it!
C: 3. You are _____________ to be the best student in the school.
D: 4. Don't lie to your parents: they're _____________ to find everything out.
E: 5. You are not _____________ to photocopy a whole book: it's illegal!
Domande in serieDomande in serie
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