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Lingua inglese

The natural world
Match the natural places below to their definitions.

1. A big area covered in trees: ________
2. A big area of land which is very dry and has few plants: ________
3. A very big sea: ________
4. A piece of frozen water, usually high up in the mountains: ________
5. A piece of land with water all around: ________
6. You can find it between two mountains or hills. It often has a river along it: ________
7. Something which runs across land into a lake or the sea: ________
8. Where the sea meets land: ________
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Reading: The natural world
Read the text about Yosemite National Park and choose the correct alternative to complete the sentences.
While we were touring the West coast of America last year, we had a unique experience. We drove away from the busy beaches and cities because we wanted to see quieter places. We went to visit the majestic Yosemite National Park. There you can explore the imposing mountains, inspiring waterfalls and many other features. The park is home to some of the giant sequoias, which are bigger and older than many other trees in the world and you can also discover the more historic Gold Rush landmarks.
We decided to rent a car because it was cheaper than a jeep tour and we drove through the forests. If you are fitter and healthier, you can also hike in the mountains or take canoe trips down the many rivers. Years ago you could drive through one of the giant trees in the area, but it fell over during a big storm a few years ago. Whether it's your first time visiting Yosemite National Park or you're a seasoned veteran traveler, you'll always find something new to do here. We spent a few days there and certainly want to go back.

1. They visited Yosemite Park ________.
2. When you visit the Park, you can see ________.
3. They rented a car because ________.
4. It's possible to do some adventurous activities in the Park, like ________.
5. They couldn't drive through the sequoia because ________.
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Comparisons of majority
Complete the sentences with the comparisons of majority of the words in bold.


1. The park is quiet, but the beaches aren't.
The park ________ the beaches.
2. The West Coast is hot. The East Coast has lower temperatures.
The West coast has ________ the East Coast.
3. We arrived at the party early. Our friends didn't come until 10 p.m.
We arrived at the party ________ our friends.
4. Those mountains are beautiful. The other ones aren't.
Those mountains ________ the other ones.
5. This river is dry. The one we saw this morning had a lot of water in it.
This river ________ the one we saw this morning.
6. My dad earns a lot of money but my mum earns more.
My mum ________ my dad.
7. Today's film was really bad. Last week's was interesting.
Today's film ________ last week's.
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Comparisons of minority
Choose the correct alternative to complete the sentences.

1. We had ________ homework this week than last week.
2. There are ________ tourists in town when the weather is hot.
3. My dad earns ________ than my mum.
4. Glaciers are ________ thick than they were in the past.
5. I answered ________ questions in the test than I expected.
6. Rob's team scored ________ goals than the opponents.
7. His latest film was ________ interesting than the previous one.
8. Do people watch ________ television than in the past?
9. A fruit salad has ________ calories than chocolate cake.
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Geographical features
Complete the sentences with the correct words below. There are two extra words.

1. From the ________ of Moher in Ireland you can see impressive views of the sea below.
2. Niagara is perhaps the most famous ________ in the world.
3. You often see the beautiful golden ________ of California in American TV series.
4. A ________ can be natural or man-made. You find a lot in the mountains.
5. You need to have big ________ to go surfing.
6. A ________ is a dark place in or under the rocks. You may find water there.
7. When children go to the seaside, they always enjoy making a castle with ________ .
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Listening: Climate change
Listen to a meteorologist talking about climate changes and decide if the sentences are true or false.
A: Climate changes normally occur over hundreds or even thousands of years.
B: Abrupt climate changes do not have severe consequences for the eco-system.
C: Scientists speak of an 'ice age' when there is a temperature drop of at least 10°F.
D: 1816 was called 'the year with a long summer'.
E: In 1816 there was a volcanic eruption in New England.
F: Snow fell in August over New England.
G: Frosts were the principal cause of famine.
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Superlatives
Complete the sentences with the superlative form of the adjectives in brackets.

1. Who is ________ (funny) comedian on television?
2. Scotland had its ________ (hot) temperatures ever in the summer of 2018.
3. I know one of ________ (good) Japanese restaurants in town.
4. Which is ________ (large) lake in Canada?
5. Ireland has some of ________ (beautiful) cliffs in the world.
6. That was ________ (bad) holiday ever! The weather was terrible.
7. She's one of ________ (famous) actors in Hollywood but I love her film.
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Comparisons of equality
Complete the sentences with the comparisons of equality using the words in brackets.

1. My car is ________ (not expensive) your car.
2. Jeff likes music ________ (much) Liam. They both play drums.
3. The ice caps are ________ (not cold) they were 20 years ago.
4. Emily's earrings are ________ (pretty) Martina's.
5 Anthony doesn't drive ________ (frequently) in the past.
6 This restaurant doesn't cost ________ (much) the one in the centre of town.
7 There aren't ________ (many / visitors) there were last year.
8 The actor's new movie didn't make ________ (much / money) his last one.
9 My new tablet doesn't start ________ (quickly) the old one.
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The natural world; geographical features; comparisons of majority; comparisons of minority
Choose the correct alternative to complete the text.

Mount Cook National Park is home to some of the country's highest ________ and the longest ________. It's one of the ________ spectacular places to visit in New Zealand. According to Maori legends, the mountains were formed when the Sky Father's three sons were turned to stone by the freezing south ________. Although it has 23 mountain peaks over 3000 metres, this park is ________ accessible than people think. Driving on the State Highway 80, you reach Mt Cook Village, which is situated beside ________ Lake Pukaki and provides a comfortable base for alpine activities. Mountaineers consider the area to be the most ________ climbing region in Australasia, while ________ skilled adventurers find plenty of satisfaction with the mountain walks that lead to spectacular glacier views. You may even meet the 'kea' (mountain parrots). The Tasman Glacier is 27 km ________ and cuts into the ________ sides. You can choose to stay in cheap hotels or ________ expensive luxury hotels. The ________ time to visit if you want to ski is from June to August, which is 'winter' time in New Zealand.
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The weather; comparisons of majority; comparisons of minority
Choose the correct alternative to complete the text.

They say that the ________ doesn't affect one's mood and that there is no scientific evidence for such a claim, but it's difficult to deny that we usually feel ________ when it is isn't ________. And a ________ day can make all the difference. We look up into the sky and if we see dark ________ we feel ________ optimistic about what happens to us. I personally don't like the cold, dark days of winter and the ________ thing is when it snows. I also get frightened by ________ and lightning. When I was ________, I always hid under the bed during a heavy storm. And I think you will agree with me when I say that ________ roads are ________ dangerous thing for drivers.
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